Category Archives: Architecture

Cairo Heritage Workshop

Cairo2Workshop participants. Dan Mahoney is in the back, 5 from the left. Photo courtesy of Peter Heredrich.

On behalf of AIYS, board member Daniel Mahoney attended a “Strategic Planning for Regional Cultural Property Protection” workshop organized in Cairo on February 22-23, 2020. This was organized by the American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE) for the CAORC member centers and allied organizations in regard to two main topics: (1) an update and explanation of the bilateral agreements the U.S. is making with countries in MENA with the most immediate aim of stopping the importation of looted/stolen archaeological and ethnographic cultural property, and (2) the planning for two future workshops (sponsored by ARCE from a grant from the U.S. Embassy in Cairo) aimed at bringing together CAORC members and government officials from the MENA countries to discuss topics such as site management and collection documentation and inventory systems.

The major outcome of the meeting was the planning of the next two workshops. The first will take place at ACOR (Jordan) when possible, with its theme of ‘site management’.
It is hoped that these workshops will further communications between MENA government antiquities professionals in order to share and promote best practices for cultural heritage/property protection.

In regards specifically to Yemen and the ‘MoU’ (Memorandum of Understanding) for the bilateral agreement for cultural property protection, this is the current status: On February 7, a unilateral emergency order was issued by the U.S. via the Federal Register for import restrictions imposed on archaeological and ethnological material from Yemen. This can remain in place for up to eight years, but cannot be renewed beyond this. During this period of time, a bilateral agreement must be settled, which will last for five years and can be renegotiated and renewed every five years thereafter. There was a hearing and meeting for this bilateral MoU in Washington, D.C. this past October, but the final results have yet to come about. It is expected later this year. The MoU is necessary because the 1970 UNESCO Convention for Cultural Property Protection is not automatically enforced in the U.S. without an additional agreement.

The reason for the recent upsurge in agreements for the MENA region is partly because the U.S. government sees them as a tool towards national security because the illegal trafficking of cultural property is often used to fund terrorism. In addition, increased regional/local MENA interest in the protection of cultural property leads to the strengthening of civil society and local communities.

New Post on Zabid Project

zabidarch

One of the major archeological projects conducted in Yemen was the Royal Ontario Museum expedition in the 1980s under the directorship of Ed Keall.  Dr. Keall has provided an update on the project and this is now online on the AIYS website.

Below is the outline:

Formal Start of the Project in 1982 >
Study of Zabid’s urban form >
Traditional brick houses of Zabid >
Zabid Citadel Excavations >
al-Asha’ir mosque probe
>
Ceramic Typology >
The Mosques of Zabid >
Commemorative Monuments in Islamic Tihamah >
Spate Irrigation and Water Delivery Systems >
Megalithic site of al-Midamman >
Rock paintings of al-Mastur >
Bibliography

الإعلان عن إطلاق موقع يمن ابديت اون لين

updateicon

الإعلان عن إطلاق موقع  يمن ابديت اون لين

ينشر موقع يمن ابديت اون لاين البحوث والدراسات اليمنية بما في ذلك المقالات المهنية بلغتين العربية والانجليزي و مراجعات الكتب والتقارير التي يصدرها باحثو وزملاء المعهد الأمريكي للدراسات اليمنية. تتم الإضافات والتحديثات على مدار العام بعد تقديمها والموافقة على نشرها من قبل المحررين. وان كانت المقالات اقل من الف كلمة فسيتم نشرها كنص في الإنترنت. بينما يتم نشر المقالات والموضوعات الأطول بصيغة بي. دي. أف لأمكانية نسخها من الموقع. ويتخذ المحررون قرار الموافقة على نشرها. ان رغبتم في تقديم صور او رسومات يجب ان تكونوا اصحاب الحق في نشرها اولديكم اذناً بذل. أما بقية حقوق الطبع فهي للكاتب. التفاصيل على الموقع

Announcing Yemen Update Online

Yemen Update Online publishes research in English and Arabic in any field of Yemen Studies. This includes professional articles of any length, book reviews and AIYS fellowship reports. Items will be added throughout the calendar year as they are submitted and approved by the editors. If the article is less than 1,000 words it will be published as text online, but longer articles will be published as pdfs to be downloaded from the site. Decisions on publication are made by the editors. If you are submitting photographs or drawings, make sure that you have permission to do so.  All rights remain with the author. For details, check out the website.

Why Yemen Matters

whyposter

The forum “Why Yemen Matters: The Heritage of a Land in Crisis” was held at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton on February 19, 2020, sponsored by the Near Eastern Studies program under the leadership of Dr. Sabine Schmidtke. Speaking at the event were AIYS members Najwa Adra, Nathalie Peutz and Dan Varisco. Present in the audience was AIYS board member Tarek Al-Wazir.

whygroup
(left to right): Dan Varisco, Nathalie Peutz, Hassan Ansari, Najwa Adra, Glen Bowersock, Sabine Schmidtke, Christian Robin

Yemen’s war and humanitarian crisis are in the news, but very little is known about the rich cultural heritage of the southwestern corner of Arabia throughout history. Also largely unknown are Yemen’s geographic and economic diversity or their impact on recent events. Yemen’s diversity owes much to conquest, trade, and migration between Yemen and Christian Ethiopia, Sassanian and Islamic Iran, Fatimid and Ayyubid Egypt, Ottoman Turkey, the African coast and Southeast Asia. In this panel experts on different periods of Yemeni history and its diverse contemporary contexts probe beyond current politics to share their insights and discuss potentials for future scholarly research on Yemen.

whyprogram

whydan
Dan Varisco speaking on the historical diversity of Islam in Yemen.

Nancy Um on Mocha in Chicago

“From City to Text to Image: Pieter van den Broecke and Safi ibn Vali in Seventeenth-Century Mocha”
by Nancy Um (SUNY Binghamton)

Friday, February 14
, 12:00 – 1:30 pm
Neubauer Collegium
University of Chicago
5701 S. Woodlawn Ave
Chicago, IL

In this talk, Nancy Um will examine two seventeenth-century images of the Red Sea port of Mocha in Yemen. The first is an etching by Adriaen Matham, which was published in the journal of the Dutch East India Company merchant Pieter van den Broecke. The other is a painting that appeared in a pilgrimage narrative written by Safi ibn Vali, a Persian scholar who was sponsored by Zib al-Nisa, the daughter of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The two images will be placed in dialogue, with a consideration of the complicated relationships that were sustained between port city spaces, travel narratives, and image genres in the seventeenth century, a time when Red Sea travel, for both trade and pilgrimage, generated considerable visual interest.

This event is sponsored by the Interwoven project at the Neubauer Collegium. This event is free and open to the public. Persons with disabilities who need an accommodation in order to participate should contact the Neubauer Collegium at collegium@uchicago.edu or 773.795.2329.

 

Interview with Salma Damluji on Yemeni Architecture

damluji

There is a Youtube video discussion between the Italian historian of architecture Attilio Petruccioli and the architect Salma Damluji on her book on Yemeni architecture in Yemen, Yāfi‘ and the Ḥaḍramawt. Professor Petruccioli has recently established a major library in Trani, Italy on architecture and urbanization in the Middle East and Asia.

Yemen: Inside a Crisis

 

crisis

The Imperial War Museum (IWM) in England is having an exhibition on the crisis in Yemen until January 26, 2020. Details are at https://www.iwm.org.uk/seasons/yemen-inside-a-crisis.

Described by the UN as the “world’s worst” humanitarian crisis, the on-going conflict in Yemen has left an estimated 80% of the country’s men, women and children in desperate need of assistance; but how has this man-made crisis affected the people of Yemen?

At the forefront of a major season of programming at IWM North, Yemen: Inside a Crisis is the UK’s first exhibition to address Yemen’s on-going conflict and humanitarian crisis. Showcasing around 50 objects and photographs, many of which have been exclusively sourced from Yemen for this exhibition.