Category Archives: Arabic Language

Epigraphy of pre-Islamic South Arabia

sabaenimage

A series of five hands-on lectures will be given by Christian Robin, a Member of the School for Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and of the Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique in France, in the Near Eastern Studies Workshops sponsored by Professor Sabine Schmidtke. These will provide an overview of the epigraphic documentation of pre-Islamic Arabia and existing tools, as well as presenting the state of the art on issues for which significant progress has been made in recent years through new epigraphic discoveries and the re-examination of older documents.

This will be held over five days: January 21, 23, 27, 28, 30, 2020 in Fuld Hall, room 307 of IAS.

The topics include:
• Arabs and Ḥimyarites; sha‘b and ‘ashīrat; the introduction of the horse
• territorial expansion of the kingdom of Ḥimyar; the “kingdom” of Kinda
• Judaism of Ḥimyar; the names of God, especially Raḥmānān
• reign of Abraha; the Christianity of Ḥimyar; Christian Arabs
• polytheistic god al-Lāh (comparison with al-Lāt); daughters of Īl
• tribal map and Arab-Islamic genealogies; permanence and breaks
• Arab-Muslim scholarly tradition and archaeology (writing, ritual practices, political history, chronology)
• Arabic and South Arabian languages
• long distance trade
• public finances

Knowledge of a Semitic language, ideally Arabic, is recommended.

RSVP to nitschke@ias.edu

More Yemeni Manuscripts Online

codexias

Title page of a collective manuscript containing several writings by the founder of the Zaydi state in Yemen, Imam al-Hadi ila l-haqq (d. 910). The codex (copied around 1200 CE) is one of the oldest among the Yemeni manuscripts of the Munich Caprotti collection.

The Institute for Advanced Study, the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML), and the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich, announce that digital copies of 53 additional South Arabian manuscripts are now available online through vHMML (Virtual HMML) Reading Room and the digital repository of the Bavarian State Library. Convenient access is further provided through the Digital Portal of the Zaydi Manuscript Tradition website at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey. The digitization has been generously funded by the National Endowment of the Humanities.

The South Arabian manuscripts held by the Bavarian State Library were brought together by the Italian merchant Giuseppe Caprotti, who arrived in Yemen in 1885 and spent the next 34 years there. During his sojourn in South Arabia, Caprotti collected 1,790 manuscripts. A small portion, 157 manuscripts, was offered in 1901 through the mediation of Eduard Glaser to the Bibliotheca Regia Monacensis at Munich (now Bavarian State Library), and the purchase was concluded in 1902. The bulk of the Caprotti collection belongs, since 1909, to the Biblioteca Pinacoteca Accademia Ambrosiana, in Milan, and another portion of 280 manuscripts was donated in 1922 to the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.

“With close to 1,800 codices, the Caprotti collection is the largest collection of South Arabian manuscripts outside Yemen, and it is very helpful that some more of this precious material is now available to scholars worldwide in digital form,” said Sabine Schmidtke, Professor of Islamic intellectual history in the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study.

Read the rest of the article…

Recontres Sabéenes Conference

dadanitic
Arabic in Didanite script – 5th century BCE:
(northern Ḥijāz) (from Ahmad al-Jallad)

The 24th Rencontres Sabéennes conference organized by the American Foundation for the Study of Man (AFSM) will take place in Amman, Jordan, from the 16th to the 18th of June, 2020.

The conference will be hosted in cooperation with Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the American Centre of Oriental Research (ACOR) and the School of Archaeology and Tourism/University of Jordan.

The topic of the meeting will be: “Crossing Boundaries: Contacts between South and North Arabia”

If you wish to offer a paper, please send an abstract to  zaydoon@afsm.org   on or before the 28th  of February, 2020 for consideration by the Committee.

All abstracts must also include the title of the proposed paper; name(s) and affiliation(s) of the contributor(s) and five key words. Abstracts are limited to 200 words maximum. Please submit your abstracts as Word documents only.

There is no registration fee, A travel and hotel expenses are the responsibility of the participants.

Yemen Films at MESA

10days

There will be four Yemeni films shown at the annual MESA conference in New Orleans on Nov. 15 and 16.

10 DAYS BEFORE THE WEDDING (10 AYAM QABL AL-ZAFA)
(Yemen) 2018 120 min. In Arabic w/English subtitles. Director:
Amr Gamal. Producers: Mohsen Al-Khalifi and Amr Gamal.
Print Source: Adenium Productions.
Rasha and Ma’moon, a young Yemeni couple, were set to marry. The war of 2015 prevented their wedding. They try to make it happen in 2018. Again, obstacles appear but it’s not the war, it’s the aftermath.
From having to evacuate their homes and coping with war
dealers controlling their fates to conflicts with militias and the
economic crisis, the couple race with time to make sure the
wedding scheduled in 10 days happens on time.
Plus a Cineforum with Amr Gamal
Sponsored by the American Institute for Yemeni Studies (AIYS)
Saturday, Nov. 16 at 3:30 pm

JUST ANOTHER MEMORY (MUJRAD DHIKRA) (Yemen/Qatar)
2018 14 min. Director: Mariam Al-Dhubhani. Producer:
Yassmine Hammoudi. Print Source: Mariam Al-Dhubhani.
Amidst the ongoing war in Yemen, how does one move forward
and heal? How can a person deal with so much suppressed
pain? In this affecting documentary, the filmmakers
investigate these questions and explore what it feels like to be
suddenly uprooted and displaced by war.
Friday, Nov. 15 at 3:40 PM

IN THE MIDDLE (FI AL-MUNTAṢAF) (Yemen) 2019 14 min.
In Arabic w/English subtitles. Director: Mariam Al-Dhubhani.
Producers: Nour Abunabaa and Mohammed Al-Jaberi. Print
Source: Mariam Al-Dhubhani. Even though the fighting in
Aden is over, Yemen’s state of uncertainty persists and lives
remain on hold.
Friday, Nov. 15 at 3:40 PM

YEMEN: THE SILENT WAR (AL-YAMAN: AL-ḤARB
AL-Ṣ MATA) (Yemen/Djibouti) 2018 11 min. In Arabic w/English
subtitles. Director/Producer: Sufian Abolohom. Print
Source: Sufian Abolohom. This short film presents the
small group of Yemeni refugees who have chosen to remain
in the Markazi Refugee camp in Djibouti.
Friday, Nov. 15 at 3:40 PM

Lecture on Rasulid map

danmaplecture

On Monday, October 21, AIYS President Dan Varisco gave a talk at the School for Historical Studies of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, on the maps in the early 8th/14th century Rasulid tax document entitled Irtifā‘ al-dawla al-Mu’ayyadiyya. The talk was introduced by Dr. Sabine Schmidtke of IAS and in attendance were guests Dr. Muhammad Gerhoum, Amb. Amatalalim Alsoswa and Prof. Peter Golden of Rutgers University, as well as members of the School for Historical Studies.

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left to right: Dr. Sabine Schmidtke, Dr. Muhammad Gerhoum and Amb. Amatalalim Alsoswa

R. B. Serjeant’s Work on Yemen

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Last year a memorial issue on the 25th anniversary of the passing of the major scholar of Yemen, R. B. Serjeant, was published. Serjeant, who held the Adams Chair of Arabic at Cambridge, had personal experience in Yemen and made a variety of contributions to Yemeni Studies.

A copy of this issue is available here:

Chroniques du manuscrit au Yémen

Numéro spécial 2, 2018

Robert Bertram Serjeant (1915-1933).
Écosse-Yémen

Edité par Anne Regourd

Table des matières

Le volume complet (format pdf)

Anne Regourd (CNRS, UMR 7192). Vingt-cinq ans après : Hommage à Robert Bertram Serjeant (1915-1993). L’homme et ses archives

Aline Brodin (Cataloguing archivist, Special Collections, University of Edinburgh). An overview of the Robert Bertram Serjeant Collections at the University of Edinburgh Main Library

Ronald Lewcock (UNESCO consultant on architecture in the Yemen). Three Medieval Mosques in the Yemen: architecture, art, and sources
Plates and photographs

Philippe Provençal (Natural History Museum of Denmark). La question des noms d’espèces de poissons en arabe : la liste de Robert Bertram Serjeant

Mikhail Rodionov (Peter-the-Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, St. Petersburg State University, Russia). Ibāḍīs in the written-oral tradition of modern Ḥaḍramawt

G. Rex Smith (University of Leeds). Two literary mixed Arabic texts from the Yemen

Al-Sosowah’s Study of Yemeni Dialects

sosowah
Abbas Ali Muhammad al-Sosowah

Almadaniya has published an article on the Yemeni linguist, Dr. Abbas Ali Mohammad al-Sosowah and his work on Yemeni dialects. Check out the full article here.

Al-Sosowah’s Approach to Yemeni Dialects
Professor al-Sosowah, as far as we know, has studied and researched Yemeni dialects more than any other Yemeni academic. His work in this field started with his Master’s thesis on ‘The Dialect of Dhamar: A Descriptive Phonological Study’. He then published two specialized books on Yemeni dialects after getting his doctorate. The first, Studies in Yemeni Dialects (Dar Ubadi, Sana’a, 2007), is divided into three sections. Each section discusses a phenomenon of the dialects, or a certain field (like the morphological level), and each section includes a number of topics in that field. The second book is titled Qad in Yemeni Dialects – Research in Structures, Grammar, and Lexical Borrowing (Dar Ubadi, Sana’a, 2012), and is divided into six sections that are similar to the sections that were presented in his first book.

For information on his works, click here.

buraidah

For this Youtube video of a talk by Dr. Al-Sosowah, click here.

manhaj
Parts of this book are available online.